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mpulse 3000 bicarbonate molecule   mpulse 3000 aragonite molecule
FIGURE 1                                          FIGURE 2

As water flows through the mPULSE« 3000, the water is continuously impacted by low voltage, high frequency impulses between the anode and cathode.  This process of sending between 3000 and 5000 impulses per second physically changes the molecular form of the calcium in the water.  As the impulses apply energy to calcium molecules, hydrogen is released from the calcium bicarbonate (hard adhering crystals) and changes to form calcium carbonate (soft non-adhearing particles), otherwise known as aragonite.

The pictures above were taken with an electron microscope of the calcium molecule before and after the application of mPULSE« technology.  Figure 1 shows the coarse crystallized structure of calcium bicarbonate (hard).  This crystal is what adheres itself to pool surfaces and causes calcium scaling.  Figure 2 shows an aragonite molecule, calcium carbonate (soft). Aragonite is a finer particle which is non-adherent to the pool surfaces.

Our water treatment system produces an alkaline water increase, which improves the pH balancing in your pool. It also does not allow scaling to occur in pipes and in salt chlorinators, which improves overall maintenance costs for all pool equipment. The heat energy caused by the impulse changes impacts the mineralized form known as Ca(HCO3)Calcium Bi-Carbonate (hard water) crystal into a (CaHCO3Calcite form which is also an adherent calcium. However, the descaling technology does not stop there, but instead continues to treat the molecule further into the non-adherent form called (CaCO3) aragonite (soft particle).

Because of its soluble state, it does not adhere to surfaces in a scaling manner. A similar event occurs when boiling water at temperatures above 144║ F or when water fails to keep anything in suspension. The residues of any minerals in the water will drop to the bottom and collect on the sides of the pot, which will be used to boil the water. Another example would be any device that reaches above that temperature threshold, like water features, which will collect mineral residue once the water evaporates. Pool water continually needs to be retreated as the heat from the sun continues to take the minerals out of suspension.

At the molecular level, the heat energy applied releases the hydrogen from the calcium or magnesium bi-carbonate molecules in the water treatment chamber and it remains in this state as long as the water is not reheat above 144░ F.

                                   Chemical Breakdown: Ca(HCO3)2 + impulses = CaCO3 + CO2 +H2O

pH is a measurement of the H+ ion concentration in water. It indicates the relative acidity level with 7.0 being neutral, below 7.0 being acidic, and above 7.0 is alkaline. Since our process separates the hydrogen from the molecule, it becomes free floating and the process increases the concentration of hydrogen+ in the water.  This in turn will also increase the alkalinity.  Finally, it exhausts to the air in an open environment, like a pool.

As simple as this process sounds, it is quite extensive in how it is performed. The water conductivity is measured and the resultant data is sent to a computer, which determines the right frequency and charge to apply to the water to convert the calcium and magnesium bi-carbonate minerals into their aragonite form. This conductivity measurement occurs every 15 seconds with pulse alterations occurring accordingly. This is why each pool has a different treatment process based on the conductivity in that specific application. It is also why the unit can function differently as the water ages in your pool.